These links open in a
new window, so that you may explore them, bookmark them, and
easily return to my list.
any broken or changed links .
From the ashes of his campfires have
Beinecke Rare Book Library at Yale: Among the earliest
outdoor photographs taken by San Francisco photographer
Carleton E. Watkins, these images document the Mariposa
estate of Col. John C. Frémont.
Bill Trinkle's Bear Flag Museum--a chronology,
history, and more.
Doug Schneider, of Lafayette, CA, whose 3d great grandfather
John Sturzenegger served under Bluford K. "Hell Roaring"
Thompson in G company, sends this link to the full Battalion
roster on the WWW.
The Society for the History of Discoveries was formed to
stimulate interest in teaching, research, and publishing the
history of geographical exploration. Founded in 1960, the
Society includes members from several academic disciplines
as well as archivists, non-affiliated scholars, and
laypersons with an interest in history.
The Volcanoes of John C. Frémont. This is from
the USGS website on Living with Volcanoes.
And, from the USDA, Forest Service, here a web
cam on one of those currently active volcanoes--daylight
hours only, of course.
Frémont was the first to map portions of the Old
Spanish Trail. The mission of the Old Spanish Trail
Association (OSTA) is to study, preserve, protect,
interpret, and promote appropriate use of the Old Spanish
National Historic Trail.
The History Guy website pages on the Mexican War.
Wyoming writer Tom Rea has an internet article at
Place: The Pathfinder's Lost Instruments;
John C. Frémont's cavalier attitude toward his
scientific apparatus. An article on Frémont's
1st Expedition travels in present-day Wyoming in 1842. The
article includes the climb of
Frémont Peak and the raft
trip throught The Firey Narrows. This website
made some very small contribution to the article and gets a
nice credit at the end. Thanks, Tom.
This has now been published by Tom Rea as a chapter in
his new book Devil's
Gate: Owning the Land, Owning the Story
published by the University of Oklahoma Press, 2006.
October 8, 2004. The fifth book in the excellent series of
books on the life of Joseph Walker by G. Andrew
Miller has just been released by Silver Spur
Joseph R. Walker: The California
People of Color on America's Western Frontier--a site
created and maintained by researcher Bennie J. McRae,
On this site, read about Jacob Dodson, a black youth who
figured so prominently in Frémont's 2nd and 3rd
To this Gate I gave the name of
Chrysopylae, or GOLDEN GATE;
for the same reasons that the harbor of Byzantium
was called Chrysoceras, or GOLDEN HORN.
Southwest Explorations; Kearny and Emory Across the
Southwest--a really super website by Tom Jonas.
John Charles Fremont and the exploration of the American
West. A fine new biography by Gerald F. Kreyche
Frémont made first contact with the Washo, a Hokan
language speaking people. See the Indigenous Peoples
Institute. The webmasters who create and maintain the
site are Sean and Riley Castillo, aged 12 & 14.
Online book! FROM
THE GOLDEN GATE TO MEXICO CITY: THE U.S. ARMY TOPOGRAPHICAL
ENGINEERS IN THE MEXICAN WAR, 1846 1848 by Adrian George
Traas. Office of History, Corps of Engineers and Center of
Military History, United States Army, Washington, D. C.,
Chapter 2: ON TO THE GOLDEN
GATE WITH FRÉMONT
No one should try to understand
California of 1845-46,
and the men who played leading rolls there,
without a thorough reading of the
It is hard to escape the conclusion that
some of the historians of the period have not done
Mary Lee Spence, The
Expeditions of John Charles Frémont,
NARRATIVE OF FRÉMONT'S REPORTS ONLINE!
Smucker, Samuel M, A. M.,
The Life of Col. John Charles Frémont and
His Narrative of Explorations and Adventures in Kansas,
Nebraska, Oregon and California,
Miller, Orton & Mulligan, New York, 1856.
This was one of three large biographies done for the 1856
Presidential campaign. This one contains all of the
narrative of the official government Reports of
Frémont's 1st (1842) and 2nd (1843-44)
It is searchable, and is editable text!
Topographical Engineers: A wonderful web site about
the history of the Topographical Corps, including
Frémont's Expeditions. There are also links to the
complete texts of many reports online.
The site also contains this excellent article:
Finding the Way and Fixing the Boundary: The Science
and Art of Western Map Making, As Exemplified by William
H. Emory and his Colleagues of the U.S. Corps of
Topographical Engineers, by Rollie Schafer
The nervous, rocky West is intruding a
new and continental element into the National
and we shall yet have an American.
Emerson, The Young American,
Surveying Techlinks. A comprehensive website which
includes links to Associations, Education, Geodesy, GPS -
Global Positioning System, Land Surveying, Navigation,
Photogrammetry, Products and Services,Publications, Remote
National Surveyors Hall of Fame presented by the
South Dakota Society of Professional Land Surveyors.
The Sacramento District, United States Army Corps of
Engineers, while not yet a half-century old, enjoys a
heritage deeply rooted in the history of the West.
Welcome to Bridgeport.: Follow the 2nd Expedition
through The Devil's Gate. Find services and accommodations.
From this page check the Sierra Gateway Map for other
interesting places to go to and sights to see.
Incidents of Travel and Adventure
in the Far West with Col. Frémont's last
Expedition by S. N. Carvalho. This is the whole
account, chapter by chapter, on the internet. Wow!
Expedition Artists of the Fremont Expeditions:
Charles Preuss (1803-1854), Edward M. Kern (1823-1863)
Available on-line from the University of Michigan, the
entire text of On the use of the Barometer on Surveys and
Reconnaissances. Williamson, Robert Stockton, New York,
D. Van Nostrand; London, Trübner & Co., 1868.
A fantastic resource at the Bayerische
Würzburg--physics, weather, maps and
navigation--too much to list!
I found this searching links to this website; my link takes
you to the maps page, which has a link to my navigational
I wish I could read German, because this is one of the best
sites on the WWW! Browse this site--I've spent hours on
His enterprises are full of hardship and
and the wildest romance.
To sleep under the open heaven,
and depend on one's rifle for food,
is coming about as near the primitive state of the
as a civilized man may well get;
and yet this life, in this case,
is adorned with the triumphs of science.
I have added some information and photographs on the
roads through the canyon of the South Fork of the American
River along the route that the Frémont Expedition
traveled between February 23rd and 26th in 1844. From 1852
until present, this has been an area of intense road
Cadastral Website: What if the batteries in your GPS
receiver give out? Go to this site to download Sun and
Polaris Ephemeris for year/month/day.
Here is one sent by Stephen
Thumblert, a surveyor from Stockton, California:
U.S. Naval Observatory Celestial Navigation Data for
Assumed Position and Time. Data can be produced for any
date and time from year 1700 through year 2015.
The Frémont/Preuss maps:
The 1848 Frémont/Preuss map of the West.
And here the 7-segment map of the Oregon Trail was
drawn by Charles Preuss and published by the government
I must walk toward Oregon, and not
And that way the nation is moving,
And I may say that mankind progress from east to
The Origins of the Fremont Expeditions: John J. Abert
and the Scientific Exploration of the Trans-Mississippi
West. Vernon L. Volpe.
Celestial Navigation Net. This webpage is an attempt
to bring together all of the best Celestial Navigation
resources on the internet, with pointers to other resources
Heavenly Mathematics: The National University of
Sinapore: Highlights of Cultural
A super page of Time and Navigation links
compiled by Gary Agranat.
Timothy Burke has an interesting page The Astrolabe
on the De Soto Expedition.
Check also my Drake Navigation page for
The University of Bonn:
Approximate Sidereal Times of the Occultations of
Jupiter's Satellites by
Jupiter, and of the Transit of the Satellites and their
Shadows over the Disc of the Planet.
A Short Guide to Celestial Navigation by Henning
Frémont has particularly touched
What a wild life, and what a fresh kind of
But, ah, the discomforts!
About time and longitude
and John Harrison.
Get the UTC time from the US
Naval Observatory Master Clock.
Try the new
button on the topbar to have
search this website, or the World
the Mother of all
Search Engines! The odds are that
you found this site at
but here is an example of how it found the solution
to a problem in short order.
The following query was posted on a history
On the night of January 16, 1851, Lt.
George Horatio Derby, U. S. Topographical
Engineers, experienced a spring tide at anchor
above Arnold's Point, some forty or so miles
upstream of the Colorado River's mouth. The
force of the tidal bore's wave broke the
Invincible's anchor chain at about midnight and
made for a bit of fancy night sailing as the
tide ebbed. Was the moon full or new that night?
If it was new, Captain A. H. Wilcox ought to
have been decorated, if full, merely commended
for his boatmanship.
My search string entered in
was simply any year day moon phase.
The first page of returned links provided this U.
S. Naval Observatory site with an
to provide the answer to the query:
Phase of the Moon on 16 January, 1851: waxing
gibbous with 99% of the Moon's visible disk
A neat site at Rice University on Latitude.
And I like this one from St. Andrews University
His reputation as an explorer,
for which he gave the enthusiam of his youth,
the maturity of his manhood,
and for which he sacrificed his profession and his
must continue to grow steadily in the future.
His unwavering, if impractical, devotion to
was forcibly illustrated by his emancipation
proclamation in Missouri,
which he declined to recall,
even at the request of the President, who revoked
General A. W. Greely,
Gold Medalist of the Royal Geographical Society and
the Société de Géographia,
Jerry Dwyer's Frémont webpage: Contains
a biography on John C. Frémont, Jerry's
Frémont in Klamath County (Articles written
for the Klamath County GenWeb site), and other articles and
features under construction.
Frémont in Klamath County: Articles written
for the Klamath County GenWeb site by Jerry Dwyer.
Jerry also maintains the website of the Oregon -
California Trails Association CA-NV Chapter.
You can find the story of Frémont's crossing of
the Sierra (much from the quoted narrative of the Report) on
the website of the Western Country Living Center.
There is much addtional Eldorado County history on this
a great explorer
not so much because he broke new trails into the
as Smith and Walker did,
but because he brought enthusiasm, large
imagination and scientific knowledge to his
Bob Graham's article as posted on Brian Kelleher's Drake's
Bay website. The author of THE CROSSING did an
investigation into Elizabethan navigational method and
results--DETERMINATION OF LATITUDE BY FRANCIS DRAKE ON
THE COAST OF CALIFORNIA IN 1579. This study has shown
that Brian Kelleher's Drake landing site at Campbell Cove,
latitude 38° 19' North, actually matches Drake's
determination of 38° 30' North for the California
landing. Read why.
Simon Barclay publishes FrancisDrakeInfo, a
collection of information and links relating to Francis
Renaissance, the Elizabethan World!
The Sir Francis Drake related websites index.
The Hakluyt Society. Founded in 1846, the Hakluyt
Society seeks to advance knowledge and education by the
publication of scholarly editions of primary records of
voyages, travels and other geographical material.
Did Pedro de Unamuno Really Land in Morro Bay in
1587? Probably not, according to Michael Baird.
Here his examimation of the evidence.
Where still some grand peaks mark the
Touched by light of parting day,
And memories sun.
Backward amid the twylight glow,
Some lingering spots still brightly show,
On roads hard won.
Major General John Charles
Founders Medalist of the Royal Geographical
Baron von Humboldt Gold Medalist,
Gold Medal Société de
Barometer World & Museum: Barometers to buy,
restoration, Museum, books, spare Parts, FAQ,
See Keith Pickering's Columbus Navigation Homepage
for a comparison of Columbus's and Drake's navigational
techniques and results in their determination of
Discoverers Web: A great resourse! An indexed site with
links to hundreds of web pages of explorers, discoveries,
I find it impossible to describe the
hardships through which we passed,
nor am I capable in doing justice to the credit to
which he deserves.
But his services to his country have been left to
the judgement of impartial freemen,
and all agree in saying that they were great,
and have redounded to his honor, and to that of his
Brigadier General Christopher
Aerial photos and maps. Go to TerraServer, search, and
zoom in on what you want to see (coordinates at the cursor
Maps! Go to theTopoZone website to see anyplace!
Choose the size and scale. Read coordinates at cursor!
More maps! And, aerial photos! On the Terraserver
Russell Towle lives in Dutch Flat, a small town in the
Sierra Nevada gold region. His website contains much of
interest, not only about Dutch flat, but also articles on
geology and mapping with links to map sites and free mapping
See some images I have made with these tools.
Backcountry Resourse Center by Paul Prichins, Jr.: A
great outdoor adventure site with an article on
The Pony Express Home Station: Be sure to visit this
site. It has many interesting articles, and links to all
aspects of western history.
Professional assiduity, unusual
self-control, readiness to endure any amount of
monotonous hard work, deprivation, and
exhaustion--these were traits of Frémont
that we should not allow his many adventures, and
the picturesqueness of the scenes in which he moved
to obscure. It is significant that Carson, like
that other expert frontiersman Alex Godey, regarded
him with deferential respect. To both he was as
efficient a man of action as they could desire--and
in addition a scientist.
Allan Nevins, DeWitt Clinton
professor of history, Columbia
Overland Trail, a site created by Elizabeth Larson which
includes links to people and events in western history. This
site has been featured as the September
2001 Spotlight of the Month on Elizabeth's web
Previous spotlights are found here .
Rock upon rock! Snow upon snow! The Battle of Carson
Dick Brock maintains these two web sites that are
relative to this site .
Eldorado National Forest Interpretive Association;
visit the ENFIA constructed and staffed Carson
Pass NFS Information Station and the NFS Information
Center in Camino.
West --Markers of the California Trail; a group of
volunteers dedicated to locating and marking the
California Trail from southern Idaho to Northern
Tour of the Applegate Trail; the South Road to
Thy error, Frémont, was to
The brave man's part, without the statesman's
And taking council but of common sense,
To strike at cause as well as consequence.
Sorrenson's Hope Valley Resort: The place to stay when
visiting Frémont's Long Camp. Buy a copy of THE
CROSSING from Sorrensen's extensive selection of history
and outdoors books, and read it in front of the fire.
Hike, bike, and horseback ride on the spectacular Tahoe
Rim Trail as it follows the ridges and mountain tops
that circle Lake Tahoe.
Helen Pelster, who does volunteer work for the Truckee
Donner Land Trust, sends the URL for the Donner Lake Rim
Trail web site which she maintains. Frémont entered
California over this pass on his third expedition in 1845,
days behind the Grigsby - Ide Party of immigrants. He
returned from California in 1847 over the same route; this
time, under arrest for mutiny, he followed in the dust of
General Steven Watts Kearny.
Amazon Books: 20+ book titles on John C. Frémont.
Included is the brand new biography below--highly
recommended by this web site!
image for larger view
PATHFINDER: John C. Frémont and
the Course of American Empire
by Tom Chaffin
Hill & Wang--Farrar, Straus and
Giroux, New York, 2002
Order online at Barnes
& Noble or
There in no connection
between this website and the publisher or any
See Charles George Davis's
EmigrantsWest.Com--Pre-Territorial Oregon's Unique
I get many emails asking about
DREAM WEST, the 1986 mini-series based on a novel
of the same name by David Nevin. The series starred Richard
Chamberlain as John Charles Frémont:
"Is it based on fact?" Yes.
Where Can I buy it?" Sorry, I don't know if it is available
But there is a website.
I had in my hand half a dozen
which I had made one day when encamped upon Laramie
with gunpowder and charcoal,
and the leaves of Frémont's Expedition,
rolled round a stout lead pencil.
I waited till I could get hold of the large piece
of burning bois de vache
which the Indians kept by them on the ground for
lighting their pipes.
With this I lighted all the fireworks at once,
and tossed them whizzing and sputtering into the
over the heads of the company.
Francis Parkman, The Oregon
In addition to most of the links above, I
am gratified to find that my site has acquired links from
many educational web sites and resource sites, including he
- The National University of Singapore
- The University of Bonn
- Celestial Navigation in the Classroom
- World Book online
- Lehrstuhl für Didaktik der Physik
- Columbia University
- Southern Polytechnic (Georgia)
- United States Corps of Topgraphical
- University of California San Diego
- Education on the World Wide Web
- Trails West --Markers of the California
- Indigenous Peoples Institute
- Education America Network
- The University of Kansas
- Four Directions Institute
- Plebius - Architecture of the Mind
- Lassen County California: History and
- Minnesota Public Radio: The Writer's
- ENFIA -- The Eldorado National Forest
- Mill Valley Schools
- Wirtualna Polska
- Museum of Local History; Fremont, CA
[Editor's note: Bob tells me that the Long Camp
site is his hobby. And what a hobby!
The camp site referred to above is depicted on the
site in a photo that Bob took after hiking to it in
snowshoes!! The site has a number of other
Fremont-related links.. DSS]
And in these recently published
John C Fremont and the Course of American
Empire, Tom Chaffin, Hill & Wang, New
A very nice mention and the URL to this website
on the first page of the introduction. Wow!
Charles Frémont: Western Pathfinder,
Barbara Witteman, Capstone Press: Bridgestone
Books, Part of Exploring the West Biographies, New
This one is from a series of youth books. It
contains links to the publisher's accompanying
Internet search feature--FactHound--which leads to
this website. A credit and url are also in the
Gate: Owning the Land, Owning the Story
, Tom Rea, University of Oklahoma Press,
The history of the Sweetwater River valley in
central Wyoming--a remote place including Devil's
Gate, Independence Rock, and other sites along a
stretch of the Oregon Trail.
the Eldorado National Forest Interpretive
Association's new guide, Hiking
in the Greater Carson Pass Region, contains
a map and hiking directions to Frémont's
Camp, the historic site first discovered
and presented on this website.